Cement mix ratio calculator

Hemali Patel. Hemali Patel is a content writer who works for Gharpedia. Gharpedia provides valuable information resources for construction. Hemali has completed her bachelors in Civil Engineering.

She loves and passionate about to share her knowledge and provide accurate and appropriate technical information regarding civil engineering to common people so that they can easily understand the technical concepts. Mix design is a process of selecting the proportions of the ingredients for concrete with the relative proportions of all ingredients you can achieve the concrete of desired strength and properties.

How to calculate cement, sand quantity for Plastering?

The mix design contains various steps, calculations and laboratory testing to find the right mix proportions. In all the other steps water-cement ratio is the most important factor which affects the properties of concrete. Water-Cement Ratio is defined as the ratio between the weight of the water to the weight of cement. We all know that the water-cement ratio will directly affect the strength of concrete. It can also affect the workability of concrete, which is most important to concreting process like mixingplacing and compacting.

As it is very important for both fresh as well as hardened concrete. To calculate water-cement ratio for mix design, we need to collect some data like. Calculate water-cement ratio from the given graph. In this graph, curve line A to F indicates the 7-day compressive strength of cement and 28 day-compressive strength of concrete means our target mean strength.

Limitation chart for w-c ratio shows the maximum value of the w-c ratio as per IS which can be adopted during mix design. C Work. Water-cement ratio is the most important factor which can affect the properties of concrete in the plastic stage as well as hardened stage. Because of improper calculation of water-cement ratio gives an adverse effect like segregationsolomon magic spells pdfdecrease in strength of concretedecrease in durability of concrete etc.

These steps will help you to calculate water-cement ratio in the design of the concrete mix so that you can control the quality of concrete. Image Courtesy: Image 1. Skip to content. Concrete Nov 29, Hemali Patel. To calculate water-cement ratio for mix design, we need to collect some data like Target mean strength of concrete.

Standard Deviation Chart. Ideally, the cement we are going to use in concrete mix design, we should test the compressive strength of that cement at 7 day. We can get this result from testing the compressive strength of cement or we can also get data from manufacturer of cement. Knowledge about the environmental exposure condition in which the concrete will be used. Environmental exposure condition like mild, moderate, severe, very severe, extreme etc.

Here, the limited value of the water-cement ratio is 0. Also Read: What is Bleeding in Concrete? When was Concrete Invented?The most important part of the construction, brickwork is done with help of bricks and cement mortar. Depending on the requirement there are different ratios used for cement mortar for brickwork.

Brickwork is done when walls are created by joining the brick with help of cement mortar. These bricks are defined as the basic building element in a room that transfers the load of the roof to the ground. There are various qualities and thickness available in bricks in the construction industry that are bonded together with vertical cross joints. Thereby, lots of cement consumption for brickwork is required.

cement mix ratio calculator

In first class brickwork, rich mortar and best quality bricks are used that are free from cracks and chips. Here is a simple and effective brickwork calculation formula that will help you to understand how much bricks will be required for 1 cubic meter of brick masonry. We can divide the calculation into three parts to find out the amount of cement, sand, and bricks required.

Given that the thickness is mm for 1 cum brickwork and the ratio for cement mortar for brickwork is By putting these values in the formula we will be able to find out how to calculate cement consumption for brickwork and how to find out the number of bricks required along with the volume of sand. With this simple formula, it is easy to estimate the amount of cement consumption required for brick masonry.

How to calculate water cement ratio for concrete

Remember depending on the class of brickwork of sand cement ratio the total calculation can change. Additionally, a homogeneous mix of sand, cement, and water is the secret of the recipe for a stronger bond between bricks. Therefore, only required a quantity of water should be used, and the mix should be prepared with a mechanical mix to assure the strength of the brick masonry. At the end of calculating sand in kg you have to multiply with density of sand so we get 0.

Use a Low Water to Cement Ratio: How to Calculate Water to Cement Ratios

This was very useful…. It be would even more better if your website has its own mobile App. Saturday, April 18, Home Architecture Cement and Sand ratio for brickwork.

How to Calculate. Architecture Construction.This page is part of our blog and is all about mortar mixes for home improvement and construction projects.

Mortar is a mixture of fine sand particles, cement, water and sometimes lime. It is usually laid in thin layers as thicker layers may crack during the drying process. Concrete is a mixture of aggregates such as crushed rock, gravel and sand that is mixed with cement and water. Concrete is usually laid in thick layers, the larger particles prevent cracking during the drying process.

Soft sand is also known as building sand and contains fine grains of sand and is used for bricklaying, pointing and where thin layers of mortar are required. Plasterers sand is not as coarse as sharp sand but not as fine as soft sand. Lime can be used as an alternative to cement in some mixes or used in conjunction with it.


Plasticiser is a liquid that is added to the mix to make the material easier to work with and it also slows down the curing process slightly. It makes a typical mortar mix sticky and easier to point over.

Waterproofer is different to plasticiser. Does what it says on the tin and is often used when rendering. Frost proofers, accelerators and colour additives can be included in the mix as required. Make cement and plaster mixing easy with this heavy-duty mixer paddle. Suitable for most electric drills. Check Price Here. Perfect for mixing small amounts of cement or plaster in confined spaces, less mess and easy storage.

cement mix ratio calculator

With an impressive 70 litre capacity, this electric mixer will save you time on any job, large or small. Not only will the mortar fail to bind sufficiently, it may also crumble after a short amount of time or wash away after minimal weathering.

The photo below shows a ridge tile that was bedded onto a very weak and totally unsuitable mortar mix.Whether you are planning on re-paving your driveway, installing a footpath, building a concrete patio, or even making a plant box, the one thing that these common DIY projects is that they all involve concrete.

By definition, concrete is the combination of a binder which is cement, fine aggregates such as sand, and coarse aggregates like gravel. But even though you know what makes up the composition of concrete, that does not mean you can create an effective concrete mixture just by guessing what amounts of which ingredients goes where. There is actually a concrete mix ratio, a recipe if you will, that ensures that the concrete you create is as strong enough for your intended purposes.

Otherwise, you could end up with concrete that is too brittle, or too dense, for your needs. This error, depending on your specific task, could prove to be catastrophic in the end. Cement — This is the binding material that attaches all of the other components in the concrete altogether.

There are different kinds of cement being manufactured today, but for ordinary household DIY projects you will mostly be using Ordinary Portland cement, or OPC. You may also come across white Portland and masonry cement is some projects as well. Aggregates — The aggregates are the components that actually give body and strength to the entire concrete mix.

Fine aggregates include sand and fine pebbles, while coarse aggregates include large pebbles, rocks and gravel.

cement mix ratio calculator

You will always use coarse aggregates when mixing concrete, the size of the coarse aggregates you need to use will depend highly on how you will be using the concrete; if you are planning on exposing the concrete on extremely high compressive forces, like a driveway, then you need to use larger size diameter aggregates like gravel for the job. Water — The cement needs water to activate and start hardening. You need to use just enough water to complete wet all the cement in the mix, put too much and the concrete will take a long time to dry and cure, put too little and there will be patches of unmixed cement and gravel in between the concrete which will greatly decrease its strength.

It is not enough to just mix random amounts of cement, sand, gravel and water when creating concrete. You need to follow a specific ratio of ingredients if you want to make the concrete mix as strong as possible. There are several problems that will arise if you do not follow the concrete mix ratio, namely:.

Sure, concrete becomes extra hard if you use lots of cement, but this also makes it fail a lot easier if subjected to compressive stresses. If you use too much gravel in the concrete you use for paving your driveway, you will notice that after some time has passed that the gravel is starting to surface.

There is not enough sand and cement to cover the gravel on top of the concrete pavement, this makes for a very rough surface. You can actually make better concrete just by using the right amount of cement, using too much is just a waste of cement.

Following the correct concrete mix ratio not only ensures a strong end product, it also saves a lot of money. The type of concrete mix ratio you use depends on how what you are planning on using it on.

Here are some of the basic concrete mixes that you can use on your DIY concrete projects. You can use this type of concrete mixture for most kinds of concrete works like paving driveways, creating pathways and sidewalks, and other general landscaping works.

This concrete mix proportions is perfect for making ponds, elevated plant boxes, and similar projects because this particular mix of concrete produces a water tight end product that allows only a limited amount of water to seep through. Concrete is not only used for laying down slabs, it can also bind bricks and hollow blocks together.

cement mix ratio calculator

The concrete mixture that goes in between each brick is known as mortar. And unlike regular concrete, mortar does not contain any coarse aggregates. There are special cases wherein the two previously mentioned concrete mix ratio is not suitable; you need to create your own concrete mix design.

But unless you are a trained and licensed civil engineer, you will never find the process of creating a custom-made concrete ratio is never easy.More Properties. Depending on the application concrete mix design can be complex. The below table gives a basic indication of the mix ratios used for different purposes but should be used as a guide only. Some additional things to consider when finding a suitable mix design include but are in no way limited to the following:.

Typically used as the compound for joining masonry, stone or ceramic units together, mortar is made by combining cement, lime and sand. Mortar typically has a higher water to cement ratio when compared with concrete which allows greater workability and is required to form mortars bonding properties.

Typical mortar types are discussed below and a basic guide to mix ratio's and expected minimum compressive strengths has been provided.

Home Resources Downloads About Contact. Preparing the right mix Depending on the application concrete mix design can be complex.

All materials used for a design including the water quality should be to a high standard. A general rule of thumb is, if the water is palatable then it is suitable for mixing concrete. Mortar Types and Uses Typically used as the compound for joining masonry, stone or ceramic units together, mortar is made by combining cement, lime and sand. Type M Mortar: Typically used with stone construction as it has the strongest minimum compressive strength of the mortar types.

It is ideally suited to below ground applications and areas where high vertical or lateral loads are present such as retaining walls. Type S Mortar: A medium strength mortar suited to below ground applications such as shallow retaining walls and exterior projects where moderate loads can be expected. Type S mortar is also ideal for areas where masonry or other block work is in contact with the ground, such as pavers.

Type N Mortar: A general purpose mortar it is the most common type available with good all round characteristics. It is used for above ground exterior applications and load bearing walls.

Type N mortar provides lower bonding and lateral strength when compared to Type S and M mortar types but has considerably more flex which prevents cracking of any block-work or masonry units. A good all round mortar for general purpose applications. Type O Mortar: A low strength mortar intended for interior non-loading bearing applications such as aesthetic repair work to existing damaged mortar. It is easier to work with than the stronger type mortars and is sometimes used in conjunction with low strength masonry units and sandstone.

Type K Mortar: Having the lowest compressive strength of the traditional mortar types, this type of mortar does not provide any additional strength or bearing capacity and is only adopted where very soft or fragile masonry or stone is required. It is used for historical preservation projects and is also suitable for minor repair work.When making concrete it's important to use the correct concrete mixing ratios to produce a strong, durable concrete mix.

To make concrete there are four basic materials you need: portland cement, sand, aggregate stoneand water. The ratio of aggregate to sand to cement is an important factor in determining the compressive strength of the concrete mixture. A concrete mixture ratio of 1 part cement, 3 parts sand, and 3 parts aggregate will produce a concrete mix of approximately psi. Mixing water with the cement, sand, and stone will form a paste that will bind the materials together until the mix hardens.

Basically this means the more water you use to mix the concrete very fluid the weaker the concrete mix. The less water you use to mix the concrete somewhat dry but workable the stronger the concrete mix.

Accurate concrete mixing ratios can be achieved by measuring the dry materials using buckets or some other kind of measuring device. By measuring the mixing ratios you will have a consistent concrete mix throughout your entire project.

To produce a psi cubic yard of concrete 27 cubic feet the concrete mixture ratio is:. This mixing ratio will give you a concrete mix that is strong, durable, and good for most concrete projects.

A cubic yard of concrete will fill an area 8 feet wide by 10 feet long by 4 inches thick, or 80 square feet 4 inches thick. At 6 inches thick a cubic yard of concrete will fill an area 52 square feet and at 5 inches thick, it will fill an area that's 65 square feet. As you can see a little more cement and a little less sand is required to produce this stronger concrete mix that is great for driveways, pool decks, sidewalks, exterior patios, and commercial garages.

Knowing the weight of the materials and how much water to use should help you determine how much cement, sand, and stone to purchase to complete your project. It takes about forty pound bags of prepackaged materials to make 1 cubic yard of concrete. If you need less than 1 cubic yard of concrete or if ready-mix is not available you can mix your own on site either by hand, using the tools above, or by using an electric concrete mixer like the one in the link above. To make smaller batches of concrete, use the same proportions, but with smaller quantities, substituting buckets for cubic feet.

For any batch size, the most important thing is to keep the proportions of the ingredients the same. You can double or triple the batch size simply by doubling or tripling the number of buckets of each ingredient you add to the mix. For very small projects, such as setting a mailbox post or doing repairs, you may want to purchase a packaged concrete mix. Such a mix combines cement, sand, and gravel in the correct mixing ratios and requires only the addition of water to create fresh concrete.

Concrete Mix Ratio Calculator

These concrete mixture ratios are designed for the concrete to reach full strength at or around 28 days. Curing the concrete can be done by keeping it wet after the first day until the concrete is 7 days old.

This is an important step to take for the concrete to achieve full strength by 28 days. Watch my video talking about what concrete mixing ratios it takes to achieve psi, psi, psi, and psi concrete.Low water cement ratio impacts all of the desired properties of concrete listed in the desired properties of concrete section.

Use a maximum. Table A Water permeability increases exponentially when concrete has a water cement ratio greater than. Strength improves with lower water cement ratios. For complete Uniform Building Code information regarding concrete construction, review with your architect, your ready mix supplier, or at your local library.

The water to cement ratio is calculated by dividing the water in one cubic yard of the mix in pounds by the cement in the mix in pounds. So if one cubic yard of the mix has pounds of water and pounds of cement- the mix is a. If the mix lists the water in gallons, multiply the gallons by 8.

Concrete slabs home Before you begin: Avoid these 7 common mistakes Use a low water-cement ratio: How to calculate Subgrades and subbases for concrete slabs: Tips for ensuring good support Concrete Slab Finishing Tips How to Prevent Cracks Important guidelines for preventing cracks in concrete slabs Be active in deciding where control joints will be placed Proper Curing of Concrete Slabs Properly curing concrete slabs: Why and how Allow enough time to water cure Related Information: Concrete fasteners Concrete forms The three types of concrete foundations Aggregates in ready-mix concrete Vapor barriers for concrete slabs Post-tensioned concrete slabs Concrete slabjacking Concrete testing.

Find Decorative Concrete Contractors. Copyright ConcreteNetwork.